11/01/2013 – Years have passed since Haiti was hit by a massive earthquake on 12 January 2010, yet the country is still dependent on broad international support. Progress has been made in several areas, but it will take more financial resources to make a lasting change for the better. The 2012 hurricanes caused extensive damage and revealed weak spots in both infrastructure and disaster managment. The food situation in particular has been a pressing issue ever since.
Three years following the devastating earthquake on January 12, 2010 that left hundreds of thousands dead, reconstruction and a certain degree of normality have been achieved in a number of areas. According to the most recent humanitarian report from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), 358,000 people are still living in tent cities and camps, compared to 1.5 million in 2010, a decline of more than 77 percent.
Living conditions in the camps are deteriorating © Conor Ashleigh
The relocation programmes will remain the most urgent objective of the cooperation between the Haitian government and humanitarian partners in 2013. The living conditions in the camps have deteriorated even further, a process aided by high crime rates.
A further rise in the number of cholera cases could be avoided last year, but prevention and treatment of the infectious disease – and therefore sanitation and water supply in rural areas and the camps - will continue to top the agenda of health-related programmes.
Tropical storm Isaac and Hurricane Sandy once more highlighted Haiti’s vulnerability and the importance of an efficient national system for disaster management. The UN and the Haitian government are working hard to replace the UN cluster system, which is still coordinating humanitarian relief in certain areas, with national structures.
Help mustn’t fade
Hurricane Sandy left thousands of people in a precarious situation © Conor Ashleigh
The food situation of some two million Haitians is far from safe. The heavy rains and floodings during the hurricane season destroyed vast areas of Haiti, further weakening Haitian agriculture. “SOS Children’s Villages must therefore be prepared to recommence providing food supplies in the next months” says Mario Brusa, director of SOS Children’s Villages Haiti.
The Haitian government, the UN and international NGOs cite the need of at least 144 million USD in 2013 just to ensure basic goods for one million of the most impoverished. However, international funds have been waning and many NGOs have been forced to leave as they can no longer finance their programmes. Even SOS Children’s Villages has had to scrap some projects due to the exploding prices that concern the construction sector in particular, but was able to realise most of its planned projects.
The government and NGOs have good reason to appeal for continued commitment on a high level: Scaling down the level of help would be tantamount to turning back halfway. Reconstruction after a catastrophe on this scale takes a longer commitment than just three years, when improvements are just starting to be tangible. Much is left to be done before Haiti, the poorest country in the Americas, can hope for any kind of normality, never mind real consolidation.
Living in the streets of Port-au-Prince © Conor Ashleigh
Inauguration of new projects honors the memory of earthquake victims
In the community school in Santo 19 © Conor Ashleigh
This is why SOS Children’s Villages attempts to convert emergency relief measures into long-term programmes as a principle and either remains on location as a local organisation or cooperates with local partners such as communities or family initiatives who then take over the managment of such programmes. In Haiti, SOS Children’s Villages is doing both. This year’s commemoration of the earthquake’s victims will see the inauguration of four new schools in the South of the country that SOS Children’s Villages either built from scratch or renovated and that are now being handed over to the public authorities. In the same region, the laying of the first stone of a new SOS Hermann Gmeiner School will take place on January 12. By then, 14 new SOS Families will have moved there – many of the 120 children lost their families in the earthquake.
Practically all projects in Santo in Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince are up and running. Some 100 additional children are still in the care of SOS Children’s Villages. Immediately following the earthquake there were hundreds who had to be temporarily taken into existing families until many of them could return to their own families, but for some that is an option they no longer have. These children will find a new home in the SOS Children’s Village Santo, one of the SOS Families in Cap Haïtien or, in the near future, in Les Cayes. “Very much remains to be done in the areas of child protection or high-quality family-based care for organisations like SOS Children’s Villages” says Mario Brusa, director of SOS Children’s Villages Haiti. “The social authority IBESR cites some 30,000 Haitian children who require help in this area.”
Hundreds of children are living in the SOS families in Santo © Conor Ashleigh