A refugee family hoping to reach western Europe waits at a bus station in Belgrade, Serbia. Photographer: Miloš Tomaš Europe has seen a sharp increase in refugees since 2015, including unaccompanied and separated refugee children. Many have faced perilous sea journeys to reach Europe. Children and adolescents are in need of special care and protection. Latest news More than 1.3 million people have crossed the Mediterranean to Europe since 2015, creating major humanitarian and resettlement challenges in coastal countries and the Western Balkans. When it comes to children, receiving countries have struggled to provide care, housing and education. In 2015 and 2016, an estimated 30% of asylum-seekers in the European Union were children. SOS Children's Villages works with other organisations and governments to ensure that child refugees receive care and protection. Our response In response to this humanitarian crisis, SOS Children’s Villages has helped thousands of people on the move since 2015: SOS Children’s Villages has provided on-the-ground aid in at least 14 countries. Thousands of unaccompanied or separated children have received care and shelter through SOS Children’s Villages. SOS Children’s Villages provides a safe and protected environment to thousands of children and their families through its Child Friendly Spaces and mobile activities. SOS Children’s Villages has provided hundreds of thousands of information and communications services at ICT Corners. SOS Children’s Villages has distributed hundreds of thousands of food, clothing and hygiene items and provided counselling and other services to refugee and internally displaced children and their parents.