South Africa remains very much a divided country. The legacy of apartheid and social exclusion is still visible in the Rustenburg’s informal settlements today and continues to affect children’s chances in life. The HIV/AIDS pandemic has added to people’s suffering and put thousands of children at-risk of losing the care of their parents.
Adequate low-cost housing is severely lacking in Rustenburg
Little boy at the children’s village (photo: SOS archives)
Rustenburg is the capital of South Africa’s North West Province and has a population of approximately 500,000. The city is home to the world’s largest platinum mining industry, processing around 70 per cent of the world’s platinum. The Royal Bafokeng Nation, a traditional tribal grouping, own 1,000 km² of land in the North West Province, and the capital of their kingdom is Phokeng, near Rustenburg. Many of the mines in the region are located on their land, too. The rural areas surrounding the city are agricultural.
Due to its industry, Rustenburg has been expanding rapidly in recent years and is now South Africa’s fastest growing city. The steady influx of people has put increasing strain on services and infrastructure. Although the local municipality has put in place a development plan to respond to the needs of the population, it has been difficult to keep up with demand. In early 2012, the need for an additional 90,000 housing units was identified.
Thousands of people live in informal settlements, building shacks on the land illegally. These areas are an eyesore for the municipality, and efforts to get rid of them have included cutting off electricity, which, in turn, has led to strikes and even violent protests in recent years. But waiting lists for low-cost housing are very long, so many people have no other option but to settle illegally. Most of the people who live in these areas on the outskirts of town are rural migrants who came to Rustenburg in search of employment and a better life. However, their lack of skills, training and education often makes it very difficult for them to find formal work.
Many children have to grow up far too soon
The rapid population increase also led to a rise in crime in the city, earning it the nickname “crime capital of the North West”. In addition, Rustenburg has a high HIV prevalence. One of the reasons for this is that miners are generally a high-risk group as in mining areas, where large numbers of labourers come and go, there is an increased risk of the spread of diseases. As a result, there are also a great number of children in Rustenburg who have lost the care of either one or both of their parents or are at risk of losing it because their parents are ill. In many cases, these children drop out of education in order to care for their sick parents. The SOS Family Strengthening Programme reaches out to vulnerable children and their families in Rustenburg, making sure these children are not left without a support network and do not have to take on a disproportionate amount of responsibility at too young an age.
What we do in Rustenburg
Ready for school (photo: B. Dimbleby)
SOS Children’s Villages began its work in Rustenburg in 2006. Today, our SOS Social Centre provides a community-based programme for child care and support to the local population. We ensure that children have access to education and health care. Our support goes out especially to those members of the community who have been affected by HIV/AIDS, and we also organise HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention campaigns. In addition, we assist struggling families by providing material support, for example by paying for children’s school fees and uniforms. We also offer counselling and psychological support, and we give parents guidance on income-generating skills. The aim of all our activities is to maintain family stability so that parents can provide a loving home for their children.
For children in the region who are no longer able to live with their parents, ten SOS families in Rustenburg can provide a loving home for up to 100 children. In each family, the children live with their brothers and sisters, affectionately cared for by their SOS mother.