Not only is Paraguay one of Latin America’s poorest countries, it is also an extremely divided society: the wealthiest sector has an average income thirty times that of the poorest. Economic progress of recent years has benefited mainly urban areas, while poverty in rural areas is as high as ever.
Rural poverty is on the rise, and subsistence farming is becoming impossible for many
Children in our care grow up in SOS families with their brothers and sisters (photo: SOS archives).
The small town of Belén is located exactly on the Tropic of Capricorn in the Concepción department. The town has around 12,000 inhabitants. Its economy is based mainly on forestry, agriculture, and the production of the “mate” herb.
Official government estimates show that almost 50 per cent of the rural population in Paraguay live in conditions of poverty. In part, this is due to the increasing presence of transnational companies, primarily in the production of soya and cotton, with 85 per cent of Paraguayan land now in the hands of two per cent. Rural farmers are losing their land and therefore finding it increasingly difficult to sustain their families.
Working from a young age and a lack of education perpetuate the cycle of poverty
The situation is further aggravated by the lack of education that is prominent amongst the poorest sectors of society, with 55.4 per cent of people in extreme poverty having no education or none above primary school level. Thousands of children have to contribute to the family income, which severely affects their education: absenteeism, poor performance, over-age in the grade and eventual drop-out are the consequences.
Child labour laws in Paraguay are very loosely defined and overwhelmingly ignored. Over 50 per cent of children between the ages of five and 17 are estimated to work, mainly in domestic labour in homes, both as servants or for a small salary. In fact, one fifth of women in Paraguay work as domestic employees, and almost 60 per cent of them are under the age of 29. These girls and women often suffer discrimination due to their rural backgrounds and lack of education.
Children and young people need support so that they can stay in education – no matter what their family situation – in order to improve their chances as adults.
What we do in Belén
Children playing outside the family homes with their friends (photo: SOS archives).
SOS Children’s Villages began its work in Belén in 2002. There is a large garden here in the village, where SOS mothers and children can grow vegetables and breed small animals like hens, ducks or rabbits in order to contribute to self-sufficiency.
For children in the region who are no longer able to live with their parents, twelve SOS families can offer a loving home for up to 110 children. In each family, the children live with their brothers and sisters, affectionately cared for by their SOS mother.
When young people from the children’s village are ready to move out of the family home while they pursue further education or vocational training our SOS Youth Programme makes shared accommodation available to them in the village. With the support of qualified counsellors, the young people learn to take responsibility, plan their future and prepare for independent adult life.