SOS Children's Village Kandalaksha

Since 2000 SOS Children's Villages has been working in the north-west of Russia. Initially our organisation ran an aid programme reaching out to foster families and children living in orphanages. As time passed our activities became more permanent and we started supporting local children who were at risk of losing, or who had already lost, parental care.

A significant number of children are at risk of losing parental care

Having fun in the snow (photo: SOS archives)
SOS Children's Villages works in two locations in the north-west of Russia: in Kandalaksha and in Murmansk. The city of Kandalaksha is home to around 35,700 inhabitants (2010 census) and around 307,700 live in Murmansk. Although in the recent past there has been a drop in the population, it is hoped that these latest measures taken to increase the birth rate and improve health care will stabilise the demographic situation in the area.

The region is rich in natural resources and many people are employed in their extraction, processing and exportation. There is, however, a need for further investment before the significant oil and gas resources can be exploited. The fishing industry is also an important source of income for the area, and fish is exported to many countries in northern Europe. In spite of being located well within the Arctic Circle, the port in Murmansk is open all year round and thus plays a central role in the exporting of goods produced or processed in the area.

There is a high number of children who have lost parental care, and also a significant number at risk of losing it. This is especially true of children living in cities which are characterised by a high rate of migration. Due to the economic environment and the level of unemployment, many parents migrate elsewhere in search of work. The children are often left behind with relatives, but in some cases the extended family is not able to care for them appropriately.

Very often children in the area cannot benefit from early childhood development programmes, do not attend pre-school or even primary school. Children who have lost parental care and are living with foster families, in state boarding schools or orphanages are likely to receive a poor education, play truant and eventually drop out of school.

Working with local agencies to provide alternative forms of care

SOS Children's Villages has worked in close collaboration with the local authorities in order to protect the rights of children. As the government has attempted to de-institutionalise care, the children often go to live with foster families. SOS Children's Villages helps to train and support foster families so that they can provide a stable home for these children.

What we do in Kandalaksha

Inside an SOS family home (photo: SOS archives)
SOS Children's Villages’ work in the north-west of Russia started as an emergency aid programme in Murmansk in collaboration with the Norwegian Red Cross, and due to the high level of need in the area, SOS Children's Villages decided to become active on a more permanent basis in both Murmansk and Kandalaksha.

We are very active in the local life - organising and participating in cultural events which involve the neighbouring children and families. In addition, and working with local agencies, our organisation provides family strengthening programmes which include counselling and psychological support to local families and children. The programmes also aim to provide children with essential access to services which will promote their development (for example, clothing, nutritional and health support, and social skills). Parents, particularly single mothers, are given advice on parenting skills and income generation.

The social centres in Murmansk work closely with the foster families in the area - not only do they provide financial aid to foster families, but qualified staff also provide training and support to foster parents.

When children lose parental care they can move into an SOS family where they are cared for by an SOS mothers. There are twelve families where up to 78 children can find a new stable and loving home. The SOS Children's Village is located in Luvenga which is a typical workers' district on the outskirts of Kandalaksha. The children attend the nearby kindergartens and schools, and take part in local activities.