Addis Abeba is the capital of Ethiopia. It is home to 4.6 million people, and many continue to arrive in search of a better life.
By 2029, the population of the city is expected to double. This puts a strain on the city’s housing, healthcare and schooling provision.
There is no doubt, that the situation in Addis Abeba is better than in many rural areas. However, life in the urban sprawl can also be difficult for those who are striving to improve their lives.
Since 1981, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Addis Abeba.
Girls are more likely to drop out of school than boys are. Currently, only 22% of women in Addis Abeba completed primary school and only 4% reached university levels.
In an effort to keep children in school for longer, it is important to address the reasons why they drop out. If families cannot afford the cost of schooling or children need to contribute to the household income, then they require support so that children can go to school as long as possible
Many young people move to Addis Abeba in search of better opportunities. The majority come from rural areas where there are few chances of getting a job, or of making a living. Young people with education backgrounds have better chances in urban areas. This is especially true for Addis Abeba since it is the cultural, political and economic centre of the country.
However, there is also an increase in the competition for jobs. Young people often end up working in low paid and unstable jobs in the informal economy. At the same time, 24% of job seeking adults in Addis Abeba are unemployed.