Caicó is located in Rio Grande do Norte state, in the Northeast region. Around 80,000 people live here. Agricultural is one of the main sources of income.
The Northeast is one of the poorest regions in Brazil. Research shows that households living in extreme poverty in the Northeast region have insufficient land, are not formally employed and include elderly individuals who don’t receive retirement pension. Although these households have access to some assistance benefits, it’s not enough to pull them out of extreme poverty.
Since 1978, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Caicó.
More people live in poverty in northern Brazil than in the south of the country. The poverty rates are 2.7 times higher in the northern states than in the southern states.
There are other patterns to Brazil’s inequality, with some groups of the population being more affected – women, Afro-Brazilians and children in the northern regions. Children of parents without a formal education experience poverty from an early age. Only 1% of parents living in poverty completed college, subsequently 5% of their children do. It would take three generations for just 12% of the poor to achieve post-secondary education.
In some areas of Brazil, violence is a daily experience for children and young people. This happens at home, in schools and in the communities where they live. UNICEF research into lethal and sexual violence against children and adolescents revealed the leading cause of death in children is domestic violence, whereas in adolescents it’s a result of police actions.
In more than 31,000 cases out of 34,918 the victims were adolescents between 5-19 years of age.
Between 2016 and 2020 the annual number of violent deaths of children aged 0 – 4 years increased by 27%.