Lima is Peru’s capital and largest city located on the Pacific coast. Lima is also one of the largest cities in the Americas. Around one third of the population of Peru lives in Lima.
Many families move to Lima in search of a better life. Many neighbourhoods in the urban area of Lima lack housing and basic services such as electricity, sanitation or access to health care and education. People who migrate to Lima often build huts with cardboard, hay or wood on the hills surrounding the city.
Since 1975, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Lima.
Around 29% of Peruvian households are headed by a woman. But women earn 1.79 times less than men. This means that many women who are heading households face challenges.
Gender inequality in Peru is very high with women facing violence, lower paid work and limited access to education.
However, statistics show that households headed by women have lower caloric deficit than male-headed households. This is attributed to the fact that women can better allocate resources.
There are 1 million women in Peru who cannot read and write.
In rural areas of Peru, only 39% of girls finish secondary school. In general, low levels of education affect indigenous and rural women the most. Many girls feel unsafe having to walk long distances to school in rural areas.
As girls get older, they drop out of school because they need to work on their family farm, care for siblings or work in domestic settings. One third of girls leave education because of pregnancies or early marriage.