The city of Kampot is located in the province of the same name, with around 600.000 inhabitants. The city is located in the south of Cambodia, about 30 kilometres from the Vietnamese border.
Kampot is one of the most underdeveloped areas of Cambodia. People live off agriculture and fishing. Tourism is also a key source of income and employment.
Years of conflict have resulted in stressful social and economic conditions in Cambodia, which have a huge impact on the lives of children, young people and families.
Since 2015, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Kampot.
Girls and women are disadvantaged in Cambodian society. Girls are more likely to be underweight and stunted than boys. They also drop out of school more often than boys, especially at secondary level. Many are forced to marry at an early age. Children in female-headed households are particularly vulnerable, as women tend to have less access to land and, fewer means of making a living.
70% of women are in vulnerable employment, such as in the 5 billion USD garment industry, which is driving the country's economic growth. Women often migrate to cities for work, where they work long hours for low wages.
Child labour is an everyday reality for many children in Kampot. These children are at risk of exploitation and abuse, many are separated from their parents, and some end up as victims of human trafficking.
More than half of all Cambodian children have experienced physical violence, including beating; emotional and sexual abuse. One in 20 children have been sexually assaulted according to UNICEF’s study on child protection.