Nanchang is the largest city of the southern Chinese province of Jiangxi and is home to over 3.8 million people. The city has grown rapidly in recent years due to the flourishing economy. Many people are employed in manufacturing or in the processing of food and paper. Agriculture, especially rice farming, continues to be an important source of income and employment. The city is well connected and has several ports where goods leave and enter the region.
Since 1993, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Nanchang.
The working population in China has to prepare to support an increasing number of elderly dependents as the country ages.
China’s dependency ratio will likely exceed 75% by 2055. This means there is a high ratio of dependents (people younger than 15 or older than 64) to the working-age population (those aged 15 to 64).
Because there are fewer dependent children than there are elderly, young people who will soon enter the workforce will have to support an ever-growing elderly population. However, youth participation in the labour force has been falling.
The access to, and quality of, healthcare varies in China. The more developed coastal cities have good neonatal and infant care, but the situation is different in rural areas or those in the west of the country. In these regions, malnutrition increases the risk of other illnesses and many younger children die from pneumonia and diarrhea.
Mental health challenges are increasingly present among young people in China: an estimated 30 million children and adolescents under 17 struggle with emotional or behavioural problems.