Orosháza, with around 31,000 inhabitants, is a city situated in the westernmost part of Békés county. The town is an important cultural, educational, and recreational centre in south-eastern Hungary.
The unemployment rate in the region is higher than in other parts of Hungary, and especially high in rural areas.
Most people live off farming but the town of Oroshaza has become an industrial centre; there are factories making glass and building agricultural equipment.
Since 1986, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Oroshaza.
In Hungary, when a family faces hardship, or is living in extreme poverty, the Hungarian child protection system will not support the family to stay together. Their solution is to take the child away from the family and into care.
While there have been significant improvements in the state care of children with a move away from institutions, over 7,000 children still live in institutional care, and over 2,200 of them live with disabilities live in care. Receiving little to no education, as well as facing the impact of poor treatment, these children are left without adequate skills and support for life outside the institutions.
Roma communities have been particularly affected by the economic and social changes of recent decades. They continue to face discrimination in aspects such as employment, education, and housing.
Of Hungarians facing severe material deprivation, more that 43% of them are Roma. Children on the move are at great risk of the consequences of poverty including poor nutrition, poor health and well-being, gender inequality, school absence and child labour.