Hai Phong is one of Vietnam's largest cities and is located about 100 km east of Hanoi. Its proximity to Hanoi and its location on the coast makes Hai Phong an important commercial port in the North Central Coast Region.
In the region 60% of inhabitants live off agriculture and 15% work in the service sector, but industry, construction and trade are also important. Although Hai Phong's economy is improving, there is a growing wealth disparity. Many people in the region continue to live in poverty.
Since 1996, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Hai Phong.
Rural to urban migration in Vietnam is increasing as people move to cities in search of new opportunities. In 2000, an estimated 18 million Vietnamese lived in cities, but this figure had risen to around 40 million in 2020. I
In Hai Phong, like many other cities across the country, urban development has been unable to keep up with this growth in population. Families arriving in the city end up living in makeshift houses; in the majority of cases, they have no access to electricity, clean drinking water or sanitation facilities. Nationally, 75% of the urban population live in areas that are vulnerable to rising sea levels due to climate change. Families living in the coastal Hai Phong are increasingly vulnerable to climate change.
Due to the harsh economic situation, many children do not go to school - it is estimated that 67% of children from low income backgrounds complete lower secondary and only 31% complete upper secondary school.
Although every child has the right to education, access to education for the 1.3 million children with disabilities it is also not guaranteed: 1 in 10 do not attend secondary school. Schools are often unable to provide quality education to vulnerable and disadvantaged children.