N’Djamena is the capital of Chad with a population of over 1.2 million. Thousands of children have inadequate access to health care and education due to a severe lack of infrastructure. Child labour and trafficking are common.
Like other areas of Chad, the region surrounding N’Djamena is affected by floods and droughts. The COVID-19 pandemic increased food insecurity as 320,000 workers saw their income affected by the economic recession.
Since 2005, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in N’Djamena.
Seasonal flooding in 2020 affected 400,000 people across Chad. In the region of N’Djamena 32,000 people were affected, many losing their homes. Flooding affected agricultural production – already suffering from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic – leaving households struggling to put food on the table. Climate change and irrigation practices have accelerated the drying up of Lake Chad.
Food insecurity in rural areas has forced many families to migrate to the city. Urban communities face many of the same challenges, resulting in unstable livelihoods. In N’Djamena 12,302 children are living below the monetary poverty line.
Children, young people and families in Chad face a variety of health issues. Many live in rural areas where it is hard to access health care. Some of the leading causes of death for women are complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. Chad has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the region, with a death record of about 856 per100,000 births. In addition, the number of teenage pregnancies is high at 164.5 births per 1,000 adolescents aged 15 to 19, often followed by birth complications.
Chad also has a large number of nomadic and island populations that have limited access to health services.